History of the 40th Indiana Regiment
40th Indiana Regiment
The 40th Regiment marched with Wood’s Division of Buell’s army to Shiloh, arriving on the field about noon on the 7th of April, 1862, in time to take part in the final onset that resulted in driving the enemy from the field. During the seige of Corinth the regiment was with its command in every important movement, and after the evacuation it marched to Iuka, Mississippi, and thence through Northern Alabama, into middle Tennessee. About the 1st of September it started from McMinnville, Tennessee, and marched with the army to Nashville and Louisville, reaching the ladder place on the 25th of September. The regiment was present at Perryville, supporting Capt. J.B. Cox’s 10th Indiana Battery. The regiment reported 2 men missing in this action.
It moved through Kentucky in pursuit of Bragg, and returned to Nashville in November, where it was assigned to the 6th Division of the 14th Army Corps. In December it Marched toward Murfreesboro, and participated in the engagement at Stones River on the 31st of December, 1862, and 1st and 2nd of January, 1863, losing 9 killed, 63 wounded and 13 missing, making a total of 85. After this battle the regiment remained in the vicinity of Murfreesboro for some time, and , when the army was reorganized , it was assigned to to the Second Brigade of the First Division of the Twenty-First Army Corps, commanded by Maj. Gen. Crittenden.
On the 9th of September, 1863, it crossed the Tennessee River and was one of the first regiments to occupy Chattanooga after its evacuation. Here it remained on post duty till the time of the commencement of the battles before Chattanooga. Shortly after the battle of Chickamauga, it became attached to the Second Brigade (General Wagner’s) of the Second Division (General Sheridan’s) of the Fourth Army Corps, commanded by General Gordon Granger. The regiment took an active part in the engagements before Chattanooga in November, 1863. In the assult on Missionary Ridge, on the 25th of that month, 20 men were killed on the field, and 130 wounded. A few days after this, the regiment marched with the Fourth Corps to the relief of Burnside at Knoxville, and during that campaign the men suffered greatly for want of comfortable clothing, many of them marching without shoes over the frozen ground. The greater part of the winter was spent above Strawberry Plains along the Holston River, in the woods, without winter quarters or tents. In January, 1864 the regiment marched to Danbridge, Tennessee, with the army under General Cox, and after a short engagement with Longstreet, fell back to Knoxville. At Loudon, on the 31st of January the regiment re-enlisted, and then proceeded to Indiana on veteran furlough. It was recruited to 500 and re-equipped while in the State, and returned to the field, re-joining its command at Cleveland, Tennessee, on the 2nd of April.
During the Atlanta campaign, while skirmishing at Dallas, the regiment had 3 men killed and 22 wounded. On the 14th of June in a skirmish near Lost Mountain 2 men were killed and 5 wounded. On the 18th the regiment was under fire all day, losing 4 killed and 29 wounded. While occupying the works before Kennesaw, it lost almost daily, in killed and wounded on the skirmish line. On the 27th it was engaged in the bloody and unsuccessful charge at Kennesaw, forming the head of General Wagner’s brigade. Of the 360 men and officers taken into action, 3 officers were killed and 4 wounded, 21 men killed and 68 wounded and 10 missing, making a total of 106.
In resisting Hood’s advance upon Nashville, the regiment was engaged in the battle of Spring Hill on the 29th of November, and in the battle of Franklin on the 30th of the same month, losing in the ladder engagement 120 in killed, wounded, and missing. It was also engaged in the battle of Nashville, December 15th and 16th, 1864, and followed Hood’s retreating army to Lexington, Alabama, within 25 miles of the Tennessee River. It then Marched to Huntsville, Alabama, put up winter quarters and remained in camp until the last of March, 1865, when it was transported on the cars to Blue Springs, East Tennessee, but returned by railway to Nashville in the last of April, 1865. The regiment moved to Texas in July 1865, and while there it was on post duty at Texana, Jackson County. The losses of the regiment over four years active service are as follows:
Number of men killed in action, 135; Number of men wounded in action, 428; Number of men died of disease 162.