Archive for January, 2009

Major Henry Leaming’s Missionary Ridge Letter

Posted in Missionary Ridge with tags , , on January 31, 2009 by 40thindiana


“The Soldier of Indiana In The War For The Union Vol. 2”; Author Catharine Merrill; Published Merrill and Company 1889.

Page 473 -476

“Two days after the battle Major Leaming, of the Fortieth gives a spirited description of the race up the mountain.”

“”I do not know that I could interest you by attempting  a description of the battle last Wednesday, but dome of it’s incidents will never by me be forgotten. Stone River was a skirmish, as far as our regiment was concerned, to this affair. In fact the Fortieth, being in the front line, formed with the regiments on it’s flanks, the forlorn hope of the storming party. Now, if you will reflect that we had to advance more than a mile, without cover of any sort, over a dead level, commanded at all points by the enemy’s batteries, and for the last quarter of a mile under fire of the infantry, you will wonder with me that any ever succeeded in reaching the foot of the ridge, to say nothing of the ascent afterwards. I could see our brave boys dropping all around me as we moved forward, some killed, others desperately wounded, but the advance was not even checked. It moved on as if each man felt himself invulnerable. As I lost my horse before we were half way across the plain, I had to take it on foot, and after running more than a half mile, had the mountain to climb. It is about as steep and about twice as high as the hill just back of Camp Tippeconoe, at Laffayette, perhaps higher. After running so far, of course I was about gone up before I got to the mountain foot, and from there to the top was just the biggest job of climbing I ever undertook, not to speak of the rascals on the top, who objected to our going up.”

“I never have seen anything so vicious as the artillery fire from the ridge. Grape, canister and shell flew through and over our ranks like a flock of birds. I was blinded time and again by the dirt thrown in my face by some of the missiles striking the ground in front of me. The flight of canister much resembles the noise of a covey of quails just springing from the ground. I heard a soldier say, as a charge of canister rushed along, ‘Here goes your quails.”

“As we lay behind the rifle-pits a few moments, taking breath for the next rush, the firing from the artillery was most accurate and rapid. The bank we were behind was not more than three feet high, and as the Rebels were so much above us, they plumped their shell right down on us. Once, I remember, as I lay close up on my side to the parapet, with my legs behind me, a twenty-four shell struck not three inches from my feet, and glancing, exploded about fifty feet in the rear. You can easily imagine that I drew in my legs a far as possible toward my chin. I mention these things of my own experience that you may form a better idea of how hot the place was for us all. As we were going up the mountain side, directly at the battery, we could feel the hot smoke puff right into out faces. The pieces were depressed so much as actually to blow huge masses of earth from the edge of the hill top.”

“The prisoners say that our attempt to scale the height was laughed at by them as absurd and impossible. They thought us insane to undertake it. After the thing was over, and I could see just what had been done, I came to pretty much the same conclusion.  Of course we did, but why we should succeed I cannot see. No artillery could be used by us. All depended on the bull-dog  perseverance of the infantry. In fact we mobbed the Rebels out of their position, every fellow fighting on his own hook. A man behind a stump would move forward to another just vacated in advance of him, and thus make room for another behind him. Thus the whole thing was gradually rushed up the hill, and when we got to the top the Rebels were mostly at the bottom on the other side. ‘Twas a clean thrashing they got, all the advantages on their side, all the success on ours.”

“After we drove the Rebels from the ridge, we could see them running without any sort of order, each man for himself, throwing away everything, – guns, cartridge-boxes with the belts cut, the owners not having taken the time to unbuckle them. While this was going on a part of our men were gathered together, and moved down the road after the crowd of Rebels. We struck them posted on a high hill, over which the road ran, and which, being crescent-shaped, with the horns encircling the road, commanded it most effectually. We got to the foot of the hill, but as we had only a remnant of our regiment, with a few of the Ninety-Seventh Ohio, our force was plainly not sufficient to storm it. So we stopped and commenced firing. We held our own for an hour and a quarter, with a fire poured into us from both flanks, as well as front. Finally a regiment was sent along the ridge to our left, and the Rebels, fearing a movement upon their flank, fled at once. We got here three pieces of artillery, a wagon loaded with rifle ammunition, and another loaded with new rifles, and a third with commissary stores.”

“I was standing in the road watching the firing, when I felt a pain shoot from my toes to my shoulders. I knew that I was struck about the knee, and I thought to myself, ‘Now for a wooden leg;’ but I did not put my hand down to see what was done for ten minutes.  I was afraid to, expecting to find the bone shattered. So I lay down – I couldn’t stand, and after a while became curious to see the damage. Sure enough the shot had struck plump on the bone, but my heavy overcoat had stopped it’s force somewhat, and this, with the distance it had come, prevented it from making anything more that an ugly contusion. If it had come with the slightest additional force, my leg would have been a goner. For a long time it was useless for walking purposes as a stick.”

“This fight was a mile beyond the ridge we scaled. We marched on till four in the morning, then lay on the ground, white with frost. I got a cold that racks every bone in my body.”

“The Fortieth took two hundred prisoners, and eight pieces of artillery. The guns were of the famous Washington battery, one that did our regiment much harm at Stone River. One of the pieces was marked Lady Bragg, another Lady Buckner. These were two hundred and forty smooth bore, two rifled Parrotts one hundred, the others brass howitzers. Bragg himself was on the ridge not ten minutes before we got there, and with Breckinridge made his escape in good time to save his skin.”

“We found that every preparation for winter quarters had been made by the Rebels. Cabins without number were scattered through the woods for miles, many built of large logs, and well chinked and daubed. This freezing weather will provide a great hardship to them without any shelter at all.”

“I told you the the Army of the Cumberland was not whipped at Chickamauga, and when we went for them again we would prove it. Whatever may have been the cause of the check there, the men were not, in any sense, whipped. This will, I think, be plain enough now. The back-bone of the Rebellion was broken last Wednesday. No tinkering can restore it. The patient may linger, but death is certain, and cannot long be delayed.”

“I have written to poor Mrs. Cooper, Jimmy Dick’s sister. It was indeed a painful thing to do, and I confess my heart was sad enough. Never was there a better fellow than he. I was , as all others were, attached most closely to him. A brave and noble gentleman.”

“The day of the fight was my birthday. The armies were celebrating it. Less noise would have suited me as well.”


Officers of Company B

Posted in Poke Bag, Regimental History with tags , , , on January 21, 2009 by 40thindiana

40th officers

A great image of the officer’s mess of Company B, 40th Indiana. Taken in the field at an unknown date, they seem to be enjoying dinner. Names in the image are Adjutant William Griswold; Capt. Orpheus C. Harvey and Lt. Albert Olinger. The man with the bottle to his mouth has no rank insignia that can be seen. The servant is unfortunately unidentified also. Lt. Olinger resigned February 24, 1864; this dates the image sometime before that date.

Major Henry Leaming’s Stone’s River Letter to his Wife

Posted in Stones River on January 17, 2009 by 40thindiana





 “The Soldier of Indiana In The War For The Union Vol. 2”; Author Catharine Merrill; Published Merrill and Company 1889.

Pages 159 – 162

Written from the Battlefield:

“Our entire right wing gave way, a great part of it in much confusion. The stragglers came rushing back toward our position (we were just to the left of the pike) in a perfect panic. For a time all seemed lost. Our men fell back across a large open field between the pike and the woods in which they had been posted, the Rebels pursuing and yelling with all their might. After our men had got well across the field, a battery of eighteen guns, posted on the hill to the left of the pike, was turned on the Rebels as they advanced in four lines, and grape and canister were showered among them until they could stand it no longer. Our brigade had been withdrawn from the position first held, in order to support the right wing in it’s retreat, and as we were in an open field, I had a fine view of the effect of the fire of our batteries. The loss to the enemy here was awful. As sometimes from four to six guns would fire at one time, at not more than two hundred yards, full into the face of the advancing lines, whole companies were swept down as grain to a reaper. They soon broke and ran back to the shelter of the woods, whither they were followed by our merciless shells. In the meantime we had been shelled by some batteries of theirs planted in front of the position we held at first. Grape, canister and fragments of shell fell around us like hail. The regiment was getting disoriented. Blake received an order to report to General Wood as under arrest. He started off, and Neff was, of course, in command. Just at this time an order came for us to march across to relieve the Fifty-Eighth, of Hascall’s brigade. This regiment was sharply engaged with a force in front, but was manfully standing its ground. The Fortieth marched over the railroad, into an open field, and lay down on a hill-side just in rear of  the Fifty-Eighth. We were exposed to the full fire of the force engaging the Fifty-Eighth, and being above it, were in much more danger, as it is a fact beyond all doubt that perhaps nine-tenths of all the shots in battle pass to high, and that there is much more danger to men one hundred yards to the rear than to those in front. There was also a battery in full view of us taking the Fortieth as its target. But the boys lay like heroes under this most fearful trial that troops can be put to, that is, exposure to fire without a chance return it. We lay there for a half hour, when Royse came to me and told me that Neff was wounded soon after we arrived at this place, and that I was in command. The Fifty-Eighth by this time had expended its ammunition, I called the Fortieth to attention and moved forward to relieve it. As the fine fellows sprang to their feet, I saw three lying in their place, never more to respond till the last trump shall call to attention the universe. A large number of wounded had been removed. We started, as I have said, to relieve the Fifty-Eighth. When we were near enough, I called out to them that we would take their places, and in five seconds they had retired, and we were ready for the Rebels. The party that had fought the Fifty-Eighth soon retired. I ordered to cease firing, and rode out in front of the regiment to see what was coming next. I was not long in finding out. A large brigade of Breckenridge’s corps was formed about a half mile in front of us, and in a few moments came across the open field directly upon us. The order was given that no one should fire, and our boys lay flat and motionless. As their line advanced the fire from three of their batteries was directed on us; and the limbs from the trees overhead cut off by their shells, wounded and bruised quite a number of our boys. I rode over to the right of the regiment to see what support we had there. I could see nothing at all to our flank on the right, nothing to our rear. On our left was the One Hundredth Illinois behind the embankment, at nearly a right angle to our position. This was well enough, but I was uneasy about our right, especially as the weight of the advancing brigade was moving toward the right of our line. But nothing could be done just then by me to remedy the matter so, I merely sent a notice of the advance to Rosecrans, and left him to prepare as he thought best. As soon as the enemy was within one hundred and fifty yards, the One Hundredth Illinois Commenced firing. I had intended to let them come close up to us, then fire, and charge bayonets. But they halted as soon as the Illinois regiment commenced on them, and I was compelled to give the order “Commence firing.” The boys did so with a will. I stood watching them and the effect of their firing on the enemy. I cannot express to you how proud and happy I was when I saw their coolness, and the determination in every face. I encouraged them in every way I could, and as, unable to stand our fire, the Rebels began to run, I shouted to the boys to give it to them. They yelled out a shout of triumph, and it seemed to me, shot as if it were not necessary to load, and they could indeed “fire at will.” They disappeared into the woods on our right, and we had nothing but the fire of their batteries to stand. This continued for several hours, indeed till dark, but happily all the shell and shot passed to our rear, although not more than a few rods. At dark the battle was nearly over, and ceased soon after.

Just as we had driven our visitors off, I rode out to see the effect of our fire. The ground was literally covered  with their dead and wounded. A prisoner we we took said that the Louisiana regiment he had belonged to was almost exterminated; that one captain came out without a man left, and another had only ten.

Now I know you would like me to say something about myself. Well, my little lady, folks say I did my duty. Thats enough, is it not? But I cannot give too much praise to Royse. He behaved like a hero. All, officers and men, did their duty nobly, and I am glad to have so brave a set of fellows under my command. I must not forget to say that in all probability the Fortieth was the only regiment which had been engaged that rested on the night of the great battle on the same ground that it occupied the night before.”

William Perry Holmes

Posted in Regimental History, Soldier Profile on January 17, 2009 by 40thindiana

William Perry Holmes, Company F, 40th Indiana Regiment

Boone County Historcial Society; William Perry Holmes Army Service; By Jonn Lawrence Holmes; Story Submitted by Steven Treaster.

William Perry Holmes enlisted as a private on December 11,1861 from his birthplace, Lebanon, Boone County, Indiana. He enlisted in Company F, 40th Indiana Volunteer Infantry. The enlistment papers describe him as 26 years old. He was 5 feet, 11 inches, fair complexion, blue eyes and light hair. He was a farmer.

The regiment was commanded most of the war by Col. John Blake, a veteran of the Battle of Rich Mountain, West Virginia. The “Indianapolis Journal”, on April 30, 1863, described the unit; “The Regiment having by their rapid movements earned the title of, ‘Blake’s Greyhounds’, a Greyhound is appropriately embroidered on the right-hand corner of this gallant battle flag”.

The regiment was organized at Lafayette and Indianapolis, Indiana, and mustered into service on December 30, 1861. It also was known as the “Prairie Regiment’ for the area of recruitment. The regiment was immediately ordered to a camp of instruction at Bardstown, Kentucky, until February, 1862.

In January, 1862, the 40th was attached to the 21st Brigade, Army of the Ohio. The Regiment was involved in General Buell’s march to Bowling Green, Kentucky, to Nashville, Tennessee and into Northern Alabama. The 40th was in Buell’s Army of the Ohio on the second day of the Battle of Shiloh, April 7, 1862. It was then involved in Gen. Halleck’s advance on and the seige of Corinth, Mississippi.

The regiment was heavely involved in the Battle of Perryville, Kentucky, October 8, 1862, and the Battle of Murfreesboro or Stone River, on December 30-31, 1862 and January 1-3 1863. In January 1863, the regiment was transferred to the Army of the Cumberland, 14th Corps, as part of Wagner’s Brigade. On September 9, 1863, the regiment marched to garrison duty at Chattanooga, Tennessee, and were so engaged during the Battle of Chickamauga. The 40th was then involved in the seige of Chattanooga.

The regiment was transferred to the 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Fourth Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland in October 1863 (Wagner’s Brigade).

They fought at Lookout Mountain. As part of Sheridan’s Division, they assaulted Missionary Ridge on November 25, 1863. William P. Holmes was wounded in that assault. Sheridan’s Division took the highest number of casualties of any division in the Union Army that day.

William Perry Holmes is listed as in the hospital at Chattanooga on November 25, 1863. On February 15, 1864, he was promoted to corporal.

Most of the regiment reenlisted at the end of three years of service as a veteran volunteer regiment, furloughing back to Indiana. William P. Holmes reenlisted on February 15, 1864, at Chattanooga, Tenn. He received a reenlistment bounty of $400.

The regiment was involved in all the operations and battles against of the Atlanta Campaign with the Fourth Corps. The regiment took heavy losses in the unsuccessful Assault made just south of Kennesaw Mountain, June 27, 1864, at the “Dead Angle”.

On September 28, 1864, his application for a 30-day furlough to go home to Boone County, Indiana, to provide for his sick family was granted. Company monthly returns for November 1864 report him at home on furlough since November 2, 1864. The return for December 1864 reports him at home with smallpox since November 1, 1864. He returned to his company on February 12, 1865. Family oral history also talks about a smallpox epidemic in the family at that time. Another reason for his furlough may have been that Indiana troopswere not able to vote in the 1864 presidential election in the field, but instead had to return to their home districts for voting. Many of the Indiana troops were furloughed home because of the election.

The furlough at home removed him from Hood’s Nashville Campaign. The regiment fought in Gen. Scolfield’s Battle of Columbia and the Battle of Franklin, as well as the Battle of Nashville.

On December 5, 1864, during his furlough, he was promoted to sergeant. He was promoted to first sergeant on July 10, 1865.

The regiment operated in East Tennessee in March and April, 1865 and then was sent to Nashville. On June 16,1865, the 40th was ordered to New Orleans, Louisiana, and then to Texas duty in July 1865.

On September 1, 1865, William P. Holmes was promoted to second lieutenant. His service was entirely in Company F. The regiment continued Texas duty at Green Lake, San Antonio, and Port Lavacca until December 21, 1865, when it was mustered out.

William Perry Holmes moved from Indiana to Kansas in the early 1870, to farm in Reno County. He had several sons. He named one of them, my great-grandfather, Ulysses Sherman Holmes, to honor his two favorite army group commanders. My great-grandfather was known formally as U.S. Holmes and as “Sherm” to his friends.


31st Indiana Inf. Letter with mention of the 40th Indiana

Posted in Atlanta Campaign, Poke Bag on January 16, 2009 by 40thindiana



HH Lough
Waveland Independent
Waveland, Montgomery County, Indiana
Friday, April 3, 1931

Readers of the Independent will note a letter that HH Lough wrote to his brother, Levi in March 1863. His daughter, Mrs. Frank Gardner, has handed us another dated May 21, 1864, and written from Camp of 31st Indiana Volunteers near Kingston, Georgia on the famous “March to the Sea.”

HH Lough
Dear Brother having a few spare moments for the first time in a long time, I will try to let you know how I am getting along. We left Ooltawah May 3rd and have been on the march every day since we have just been booting the Rebs through Georgia.we have had no very hard fighting but we have skirmished with them every day. We have only had six killed and twenty wounded in our regt none in our company. We stopped to rest yesterday and I don’t know whether we will stay here today or not but we will leave soon for they are sending all the sick to the hospital. I think that if our Army can hold out successful two weeks longer that this War will soon be over for they are getting in a small pen some of their deserters say that they are in great confusion and some say they are only falling back to a better position but they have left two of the strongest positions that our Army ever fronted, that was Buzzard Gap and the hills in front of Rasaka but then we have a few thousand men too many for them. We can march clear around them and fight them on all sides but that they don’t like so they kept moving to the rear all the time. I have come to the conclusion that you have concluded not to write for I have not received a letter from any of you since I have been back. I think it is getting time. I saw the 85th regt.  a few days ago. They had been in a fight and more of the boys was hurt. They looked pretty hard. They are not guarding railroad now and I don’t think they will be soon. The boys of the 40th are well. I never saw the Army in as good spirits as they are now but we are almost worn out marching but anything to get this war put down. Well I believe I have written all I feel like writing at present but will write as soon as I can get in camp again. This leaves me in good health and I hope it may find you the same. So no more but remain as ever your brother. HH Lough. The letter is addressed to Bethany, a post office that is now off the map.


Henry “Tip”Lough was a member of Company I; 31st Indiana, enlisting in 1861. He was raised in Parke Co, near Waveland, IN.; across the county line. He was well acquainted with many members of the 40th Indiana from the Waveland area. Waveland was called “hometown” to many Parke County men in the 31st, 33rd & 85th Indiana. Henry is buried in the Maple Ridge Cemetery, Waveland, IN.

Biography of Capt. James Bragg, Co. F

Posted in Atlanta Campaign, Franklin, Soldier Profile on January 16, 2009 by 40thindiana


Captain James Bragg, Boone County, Indiana

“Early Life and Times in Boone County, Indiana; Harden & Spahr,Lebanon, Ind. 1887.

Pages 245-246

James Bragg

Was born in Fayette County, Ind., February 10, 1830; moved to the east side of Boone County, Ind., on Eagle Creek, in 1840; came to Lebanon November 1, 1849; was married to Margaret Kernodle April 27, 1851; was one of the contractors in building the present court house in Lebanon, in 1856-’57, in which he lost two years’ hard work and what other money he was possessed with. At that time he was engaged in building many of the old-time brick buildings of Lebanon. He enlisted as a private in Company F, 40th Regiment Indiana Vol. Infantry, at Lebanon, October 7, 1861; promoted Second Lieutenant November 18, 1861; promoted First Lieutenant April 1, 1862. He was engaged in the Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 7, 1862; was in siege of Corinth, Miss., during the months of April and May, 1862; was engaged in all the battles and skirmishes of the Buell campaign to Louisville, Ky., in 1862; was engaged in the Battle of Perryville, Ky., October 8, 1862; in Battle of Stone River, at Murfreesboro, Tenn., December 31, 1863, and January 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1863; was engaged in the Tullahoma, Tenn., campaign in 1863; was engaged in the battles and sieges around Chattanooga, Tenn., in 1863; was promoted Captain, March 1, 1864; was engaged in all the battles and skirmishes of the Georgia campaign to Atlanta. He received a concussion by the bursting of a shell from the enemy’s guns near his head while leading the skirmish-line at the Battle of Resaca, Ga., May 8, 1864; received further injury while charging the enemy’s works at Lost Mountain, Ga., during a violent rainstorm, June 18, 1864; was engaged in the memorable charge of the enemy’s works at Kenessaw Mountain, Ga., June 27, 1864, at which time so many of our brave soldiers fell. As autumn leaves fall, so fell the bravest of the 40th Regiment at Kenessaw Mountain, Ga. He was engaged in the battle of Peach Tree Creek, Ga., July 20, 1864; was engaged in all the skirmishes to the taking of Atlanta, Ga., after which he was sent back with the 4th army corps to take care of Hood and the rebel army. Was in the skirmish at Columbia, Tenn., in November, 1864; was engaged in battle at Springhill, Tenn., November 29, 1864. He was prominently engaged in the battle of Franklin, Tenn., November 30, 1864, where he was slightly wounded and had his sash shot from his shoulder. Mr. Bragg says of this battle: “Our division, that of the 2d of the 4th army corps, bore the brunt of this terrible, bloody battle, losing more than 2,000 men. This was the hardest fought and bloodiest battle, for the number engaged, during the war. It was a hand-to-hand contest. The rebels, being stimulated by the aid of whisky, were urged on by the valor of their officers to break through our lines and march on Nashville, Tenn., only thirty miles distant, and the home of many of the brave, rebel soldiers who fell to rise no more at that bloody battle. Each charge made by the rebels was as stubbornly resisted by us Union soldiers. Never wavering or faltering, but each one vieing [sic] with each other in deeds of valor, every one of us baring our breasts to the enemy’s guns to do or to die.” He was engaged in the two-days battle of Nashville, Tenn., December 15 and 16, 1864; marched to East Tennessee, then back to Nashville, Tenn. He then went to New Orleans, La., and crossed the Gulf of Mexico to Texas. He was mustered out at Texarkana, Texas, December 21, 1865, by reason of his services being no longer required, as the war was ended. He re-crossed the gulf, and was discharged at Indianapolis, January 23, 1866.

Captain Stephen A. Stillwell

Posted in Atlanta Campaign, Soldier Profile with tags , on January 3, 2009 by 40thindiana


Post-War Image of Capt. Stillwell; Crawfordsville Public Library

Capt. Stephen A. Stillwell

Montgomery County, Indiana

Portrait & Biographical Record of Montgomery, Parke & Fountain Co IN (Chapman Brothers, 1893) p 248

Capt. Stephen A. Stilwell, one of the pleasant and social business men of Crawfordsville, bearing modestly the honors of a wounded veteran of the late war, carries on a flourishing real estate, pension and loan business in this city and has a beautiful residence at No. 700 South Walnut Street. The subject of this sketch was born 7 miles south of Crawfordsville, March 22, 1838. He was the son of Jeremiah and Didama Holloway Stilwell, the mother a sister of Judge Washington Holloway. The parents were natives of Kentucky and came from Shelby County in that state and settled in this place in 1826, although Mr. Stilwell had prospected through here in 1824. At that time the town of Crawfordsville consisted of one house and they were among the earliest settlers of the county. At that farm Mr. Stilwell lived until 1878, his death occurring in 1881, when he passed away at age 85. The mother of our subject was born in 1800 and her death took place in 1870. She had been the mother of 7 sons and 3 daughters. Our subject was educated in the public schools, and at the age of 20 he began to teach school and was so successful that he continued in this occupation until he answered the call for soldiers to preserve the Union. His first enlistment was in November 1861, when he entered as a private of Co. C 40th Indiana Infantry and when his time expired he again enlisted Feb 15, 1864 in the same regiment and was promoted from the ranks onward until in July 1864, Gov. Morton commissioned him Captain. He had command of the company at Blain’s Cross Roads, Tenn. in Nov 1863 as the Captain had resigned and the Lt. was on detached duty and he held the position until the close of the war. Capt. Stilwell did not come out of the great struggled without a memento of the terrors of the war. He was wounded in the leg at Lost Mountain, GA June 18, 1864 but he was one of the plucky kind of soldiers and insisted upon keeping up with the command, although he had to be carried along six months before he could take his place at the head of the column. His position at the time of the accident was at the head of the ranks, where he was bravely leading the column and he was about the first man to fall before the enemy’s fire although that was a bloody day for the 40th, as out of the 350 men, 33 marched to battle no more. During that fight the regiment shot 60,000 rounds of ammunition. Through the Atlanta campaign, Capt. Stilwell was often in danger at one time for 48 days Being within reach every minute of a rebel mini-ball. After the fall of Atlanta, Capt. Stilwell’s command went on the return campaign after Hood, and took part in all of the actions, ending at Nashville. After this he was sent to New Orleans, in June 1865 and here he resigned having taken part and risked his life in 79 engagements. The regiment was in Texas until 1866. At the battle of Franklin, Capt. Stilwell’s company opened the hostilities, doing skirmish-line fighting for 3 hours before the regular action began. After the return to peace, Capt. Stilwell returned to the quiet home his valor had helped to preserve and took up his old occupation of teaching. In a few months, May 15, 1866 he was married to Miss Martha A. Hardee of the same vicinity and a daughter of Joseph Hardee, who was a pioneer of this section. After marriage, Capt. Stilwell went into Crawfordsville and engaged with Boots & Canie (sic – may be Canine) in the planing mill and remained there for four years. Later he went into a grocery but received the appointment as Deputy Co. Treasurer and remained in that position for six years under 3 separate officials. In 1879 he opened a pension office and carried on the business with his brother Thomas. He has handled loans and much real estate and has done a flourishing business. The Captain has served his party on the Central Committee, and keeps up an active interest in politics. He is socially inclined and is a valued member of Rebecca Lodge, IOOF [Independent Order of Odd Fellows] has passed all of the chairs and is a member of the Grand Lodge; he is also a member of Knights of Pythias, as well as Uniformed Rank of the Knights of Pythias and naturally is an active and highly regarded member of the Grand Army of the Republic. Few men have a clearer record of bravery than has Capt. Stilwell, and he received recognition of it in his speedy promotions. The esteem in which he is held in Crawfordsville is very genuine and the pleasant manner of our subject wins him friends among the strangers with whom business throws him in contact.